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 Depdendent Variable

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 Dependent Variable

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# Percents

Like fractions and decimals, percents are a way of representing part of something.

Why do we use percentages? It is a simple and convenient way to use ratios. It is easier to say â€œfive percentâ€ than â€œzero point zero five of the totalâ€.

You can use percents anywhere ratios are used, and thatâ€™s just about everywhere! Here are some examplesâ€¦

Percents can compare groups.

Percents can predict the future.

Percents can simplify many numbers.

Percents are particularly useful with money.

## Percent

Percent or % is a special ratio that means a number of parts â€œper one hundredâ€. It is a standard of measure.

Examples:

10% may be written as 25% may also be written as 99% is written as 125% may be written as Definitions:

Base - is the whole quantity

Percentage - is the portion of the whole quantity

Rate - is the percent (%), think of â€œratioâ€ when you see this! Percents may be added, subtracted, multiplied or divided in the same way as other ratios.

Example: 8% + 6% = 14%

Example: 18% - 12% = 6%

Example: 18% Ã· 9 = 2%

Example:  7% Ã— 5 = 35%

## Converting percents to decimals

To change a percent to a decimal, remove the percent sign and move the decimal point two places to the left (divide by 100).

Example: Change 25% to a decimal Example: Change 200% to a decimal ## Converting decimals to percents

To change a decimal to a percent, multiply by 100 (move the decimal point two places to the right) and write the percent sign:

Example: Change 0.057 to a percent

0.057 = 5.7 %

Example: Change 2.43 to a percent

2.43 = 243%

## Computing percentages and percents

Example: What is 8% of 50 ?

Solution: The rate or percent is 8%. The base or whole quantity is 50. Remember that a â€œpercentâ€ is the same as a ratio. Also recall that â€œofâ€ is the same as multiplying. First, convert the percent to a decimal:

8% = 0.08

Next, multiply the decimal by the base:

50 Ã— 0.08 = 4

Answer: 8% of 50 is 4

Example: 25 is what percent of 50? Solution: To solve a â€œwhat percentâ€ problem, we must find the ratio.

Here the base or whole quantity is again 50.

The percent or part of the whole quantity is 25.

To solve for the percent, divide the percent 25 by the base 50. Now convert the decimal fraction 0.5 into percent by multiplying by 100 and writing %: All Right Reserved. Copyright 2005-2019